Sendmail Virtual Hosting
- Note: Webmin can be used for virtual hosting most easily with the Virtualmin hosting control panel. It automates all of the following tasks, as well as many others commonly needed in a virtual hosting environment, such as setting up email, name service, and databases. Virtualmin is available for free download in Webmin module form from Webmin's home page, as well as an easy to install script from the Virtualmin download page at Virtualmin.com.
Sendmail Virtual Hosting
Virtual hosting is a rather broad term applied to many network services to specify that the server in question provides service to two or more network domains with some degree of separation. Specifically, in the case of a mail server, it means that the mail server will deliver to a unique local user based on the user name and the domain in the to field of the received email. For example, an email to firstname.lastname@example.org would be treated differently from an email sent to email@example.com and would be delivered to a different mailbox.
As with most Open Source software there are many ways to accomplish our goal, but here you'll learn the simplest method provided by Sendmail Mail Server. Configuring Sendmail for virtual mail hosting is a three step process. First, DNS must be appropriately configured for each domain being served including an MX record, as documented in BIND DNS Server. Second, the new domain is added to the Local Domains table. Finally, one or more entries are added to the Address Mapping table. As DNS has its own chapter, and adding an entry to the Local Domains table was covered in the preceding tutorial, you'll only learn the final step here.
Adding Address Mapping Entries
Click on the Address Mapping icon, and create new mappings as appropriate for your environment. To create a new entry, select Address and fill in the address on which mail will be received in the Mail for field. This will include the name and domain name of the recipient, so for example, I might enter firstname.lastname@example.org in this field. Next, select the Address option and enter the destination mailbox for this user in the, which needs to be an existing user, into the Send to field. For example, I might enter a user name of virtualhost-joe here. The user name must be created on the system, as well, which can be done using the the section called Users and Groups.
Click the Create button, and test your work by sending mail to your newly created virtual user.